Small FEET – a big thing!

1. We take care of every step you take!

All parents want all the best for their children; they know that children’s health is priceless. There comes the day, when they have to face the decision to buy the first and then another pair of shoes. They ponder over choosing the best ones from the abundance offered by the market.
What are the inevitable qualities of healthy footwear? Should it be tied, Velcro-fastened or buckled? How to protect a child form faulty posture and foot defects?
We will answer all your questions, because the purchase of shoes for your children is not as easy as it seems. Footwear is not only a decorative element of our outfit. It should support, strengthen and also correct the functions of a locomotor system.
Feet serve as the base for our body and their fitness influences the fitness of the whole organism!

We have decided to buy shoes that are appropriate for our child, but what does an “appropriate footwear” mean?

Fashionable footwear can also be comfortable and healthy. While making choices, check carefully certificates and opinions, presented by the manufacturers. It is crucial that the quality of footwear is confirmed by independent institutions employing qualified experts. Take care of every step your child makes with a comfortable footwear on!

2. “Mum, Dad – learn about the stages of your kid feet’s growth.”

  • The most important stage of children feet’s growth is between birth and third year of life. At that time, the length of feet doubles and a significant advancement in the process of ossification is observed. However, feet are very flexible and pliant, because the process of ossification is in progress and ligament and muscles are not fully durable yet.
  • Around 10-15 months, a child starts to walk. We can observe the change in the build and position of lower limbs.
  • Around 3-4 years, fatty cushions appear, covering the skeleton of a foot. The largest cushion is located on the medial side, under the longitudinal arch of a foot, which gives the impression of a flat foot. Fortunately, it is a “false” flat foot, a physiological one.
  • Around 3-4 years, a fatty layer located under the longitudinal arch of a foot disappears and, in the case of a properly growing healthy foot, the correct shape of the arch can now be observed. A typical feature of baby’s feet is broadly spread, fan-shaped toes arrangement. This allows for increased surface of contract when a foot touches the ground, and gives a child a greater sense of stability while making first steps.
  • Child’s feet undergo the process of shaping until the 8th year of life and during that time they are still incredibly vulnerable to deformation, and therefore the parents should observe the growth of their child’s feet and seek medical specialist attention as soon as they notice anything disturbing, irrespectively of the age of a child. Any foot defect may cause serious problems for children, such as: leg pain, change in gait or even a faulty posture.

3. Good footwear works as a second skin on a child’s foot

Faulty posture and foot defects appearing in children and teenagers, such as longitudinal flat feet, knees valgity and varus deformity are closely related, that is – one of them causes another. They might cause knee, hip and spine growth disorder.

The correct footwear may stop or reverse these negative processes.

4. What should be avoided in order to prevent faulty posture?

  • Encouraging a child to stand up and walk too early, the body of a child has to “grow up” to do this.
  • Baby walkers, which disturb the locomotive development of a child.
  • Type of footwear disturbing proper feet growth.
  • Neglecting certain child behaviours, such as: quick tiredness, unwillingness to walk and play, which may signal the fact that the child has uncomfortable shoes, that are too small or too big.
  • Putting on shoes not suitable for given conditions and activities performed by the child.

Approved by: Mgr Barbara Skrzyńska, mgr Bożena Rajchel-Chyla Antropologists at Instytut Przemysłu Skórzanego (the Leather Industry Institute) in Łódź, a branch in Kraków.

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